文山考研

云南公务员 事业单位 教师招聘 银行招聘 农信社 国企 公选|遴选 国家公务员 医疗卫生 特岗教师 教师资格 三支一扶 招警 更多

您现在的位置:首页 > 考研 > 阅读资料 >

2020云南考研英语:阅读细节题解题方法汇总

2019-09-29 10:33:45| 来源:文山中公教育

编辑推荐2020文山事业单位考试群:550440932

现在已经进入寒冷的秋季了,而2020云南文山考研才逐渐渐拉开序幕,有意向考研的小伙伴都在积极做准备;在此,云南文山中公教育和各位小伙伴分享一下阅读细节题解题方法汇总,有需要的小伙伴可以看一看,希望能对大家有所帮助!

1、论点—论据题

论点——论据题考查学生对文章细节例证的理解,也是考纲中对论点论据要求的具体体现。一般情况下,这类题目的题干信息提供论据的细节信息,考生需要根据其定位段落,然找到论据证明的论点,最后选出与之对对应的正确选项。

例1:Americans are willing to tolerate time-consuming security procedures in return for increased safety. The crash of Egypt Air Flight 804, which terrorists may have downed over the Mediterranean Sea, provides another tragic reminder of why. But demanding too much of air travelers or providing too little security in return undermines public support for the process. And it should: Wasted time is a drag on Americans' economic and private lives, not to mention infuriating.(2017, Text1)

21. The crash of Egypt Air Flight 804 is mentioned to _____.

[A] explain American’s tolerance of current security checks

[B] stress the urgency to strengthen security worldwide

[C] highlight the necessity of upgrading major U.S. airports

[D] emphasize the importance of privacy protection

根据题干中的细节信息“The crash of Egypt Air Flight 804”回文定位在上文(原文二段)中,信息描述特点可以判断出段落的结构,中心句在第一句话中,后文的细节实为论证上文观点,所以匹配信息“Americans are willing to tolerate time-consuming security procedures in return for increased safety.”,“美国人愿意忍受耗时的安检程序以确保安全”正确选项为[A]explain American’s tolerance of current security checks。

2、传统细节题

传统细节题也称之为事实细节题,有两种不同的形式,其一是题干中提供部分信息,考生需要在选项中对应出剩余准确信息;其二是题干以which形式进行提问,针对某一细节进行正确错误选项的判断。无论以哪种形式出现,考生需要掌握细节表述中的同义替换的表达形式。

例2:It has not gotten anywhere close to that, and one big reason is sticker shock. Passengers must pay $85 every five years to process their background checks. Since the beginning, this price tag has been PreCheck’ s fatal flaw. Upcoming reforms might bring the price to a more reasonable level. should: Wasted time is a drag on Americans' economic and private lives, not to mention infuriating.(2017, Text1)

24. One problem with the PreCheck program is _________.

[A] a dramatic reduction of its scale

[B] its wrongly-directed implementation

[C] the government’s reluctance to back it

[D] an unreasonable price for enrollment

根据题干信息“problem with the PreCheck ”可以定位至上文(文章第六段),句中表述的fatal flaw就是PreCheck program的问题的同义置换,而这个问题就是price“价格”,所以对应正确选项D, “加入这一项目的价格不合理”。答案中的表述是对原文陈述的总结陈词,这也是答案对应的一种典型方式。

3、因果细节题

因果细节题是细节信息和因果关系相结合的一种考查题类型。考生需要根据题干准确定位并明确因果逻辑关系,进而解题。

例3:Opposition to telescopes on Mauna Kea is nothing new. A small but vocal group of Hawaiians and environments have long viewed their presence as disrespect for sacred land and a painful reminder of the occupation of what was once a sovereign nation. (2017, Text2)

28. The construction of the TMT is opposed by some locals partly because _________.

[A] it may risk ruining their intellectual life

[B] it reminds them of a humiliating history

[C] their culture will lose a chance of revival

[D] they fear losing control of Mauna Kea

根据题干关键信息“The construction of the TMT”、“opposed”和“some locals ”定位原文至上文(第三段),根据原文表述,一些反对者认为这些望远镜是“a painful reminder of the occupation of what was once a sovereign nation”,可推知,是对曾经主权国家遭受占领的痛苦的提醒,对应信息可得答案B。

4、人物观点题

人物观点题是根据细节信息判断人物的观点,考生需要理解定位句中具体的细节性信息,判断人物的观点倾向,随之解题。

例4: “The ancient Hawaiians were astronomers,” wrote Queen Liliuokalani, Hawaii’s last reigning monarch, in 1897. Star watchers were among the most esteemed members of Hawaiian society. Sadly, all is not well with astronomy in Hawaii today. Protests have erupted over construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope(TMT), a giant observatory that promises to revolutionize humanity’s view of the cosmos. (2017, Text2)

26. Queen Liliuokalani’s remark in Paragraph 1 indicates ________.

[A] her conservative view on the historical role of astronomy

[B] the importance of astronomy in ancient times

[C] the regrettable decline of astronomy in ancient times

[D] her appreciation of star watchers’ feats in her time

该题针对第一段中人物观点进行命题,从人物的言语“The ancient Hawaiians were astronomers”中找到引言想要传达的观点,第二句话中“Star watchers were among the most esteemed members of Hawaiian society.”体现对天文学家重要的社会地位,所以对应正确选项为B。

最后再次强调:紧扣细节题干,准确判断题型,回文定位,点对点对应,注意总结正确选项的替换方式。

以上就是云南中公教育和大家分享的英语考研相关内容,更多的云南考研动态信息,请关注云南考研英语频道

 

更多招聘信息、公考资讯、备考资料请关注文山中公教育官网(http://wenshan.offcn.com/)或中公文山教育微信公众号(ynwsoffcn);

回复“教师资格证”:领取2019年教师资格考前白皮书

回复“模考”立即参与2020国考模考大赛

回复“解析”即可获取2020国考模考视频解析
回复“农信社”领取2020云南农信社备考上岸资料包

中公教育刷题APP
免费刷题,刷到点子上!

每日刷一刷,进步看得到
 

 

 

 

 

 注:本站稿件未经许可不得转载,转载请保留出处及源文件地址。
(责任编辑:文山中公教育)

免责声明:本站所提供试题均来源于网友提供或网络搜集,由本站编辑整理,仅供个人研究、交流学习使用,不涉及商业盈利目的。如涉及版权问题,请联系本站管理员予以更改或删除